The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) introduced by the Kyoto Protocol provide an additional incentive to achieve energy efficiency in terms of fuel savings and alternative fuel use by rewarding Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emission Reductions, but to be eligible, projects must pass the additionality test. That is, they must demonstrate that emissions would be lower than otherwise (the baseline emission scenario). To target the abatement potential of small-scale projects, it is necessary both to devise efficient ways to assess a great number of project opportunities and to develop standard procedures to determine the baseline. These streamlined procedures must be inexpensive and easy-to-use, while producing credible reductions.
Engconsult provides CDM services in the following areas:
: Unlike other sectors CDM in transport is the most complicated to design. A major obstacle is the establishment of a baseline (that would have occurred in the absence of the project) e.g. historical and current data deficiencies, forecasting project uncertainties etc. These problems occur also for other sectors, but especially the transport sector emissions from individual sources are relatively small, dispersed nature of emissions, linkage to other economic activities (project boundary), its strong relationship with human behavior makes it difficult to evaluate. Specific experiences include:
: Energy Efficiency (EE projects) projects under the CDM provide an additional incentive to achieve energy savings by rewarding GHG Emission Reductions (ERs), but to be eligible, EE projects must pass the environmental additionality test. To target the abatement potential of small to medium size EE projects, it is necessary both to devise innovative ways to evaluate huge number of project opportunities and to develop a standard baseline. These procedures must be cheaper and easy-to-use, while producing marked GHG reductions. Specific experiences include: