The on-site mitigation component will include interventions in rural
areas and urban areas.
Physical interventions in towns will include (a) installation of deep tubewells; (b) provision of
hardware for rainwater harvesting and/or sanitation plants; and (c) expansion of distribution
systems. For the rural program, physical works will include installation of shallow and deep
tubewells, ponds with filter, handpumps, treatment and rainwater catchment systems. The
second component will support increased understanding of the arsenic problem through
monitoring of groundwater quality, and studies on causes and impacts of arsenic release in the
groundwater as well as socially and economically sustainable approaches to mitigating arsenic
contamination. The institutional strengthening component will support improved data
collection, management and dissemination, capacity building in participatory design, appraisal
and implementation of grassroots level projects and the definition of strategies for policy and
institutional reforms in the water supply sector.
SEMP is a follow-up action programme for implementation
of the National Environment
Management Action Plan (NEMAP). The programme will unite the government and other
development agencies in Bangladesh including NGOs and the private sector dealing with
major environmental issues under an umbrella national programme to address national
Activities under SEMP will be undertaken in five
main areas for implementation in Bangladesh
related to policy and institutions, participatory eco-system, management at grass root-level,
community based environment, sanitation, advocacy and awareness, and training and
It is expected that the partnership of the private
sector, government and other development
agencies in the programme will help strengthen government efforts in poverty alleviation
through adoption of environmental measures leading to sustainable use of resources and
management and for sustainable human development.
Bangladesh's environment faces increasing pressure
as the country attempts
to serve an expanding population which is nearing the carrying capacity of its natural
resource base. Natural resource degradation is not being addressed effectively and is
constraining opportunities for the rural poor. The Department of Environment is the
technical arm of the Ministry of Environment and Forests and is responsible for
environmental planning, assessment, management, monitoring and enforcement. This
CIDA funded project will strengthen the institutional capacity of the Department of
Environment to enable it to carry out its legislative powers, mandate and functions.
Components of the institutional capacity development project include: Institutional Planning;
Policy and Legal Reform; Environmental Management Demonstration Areas;
Environmental Initiatives; Environmental Awareness Activities; Resource Information
Systems, Human Resource Development and Project Management. Canada has a wealth
of environmental management expertise to offer in all of these areas.
EngConsult Limited, Toronto, Canada
Last modified: 24 August 2001.